Vascular plant communities of Spain and Portugal. Addenda to the Syntaxonomical checklist of 2001

Salvador Rivas-Martínez, Tomás E. Díaz, Federico Fernández-González, Jesús Izco, Javier Loidi, Mario Lousã & Ángel Penas

Itinera Geobotanica 15(1-2): 5-922 (2002)

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F. Authors of syntaxon names


Science is that intellectual activity the object of wich is to understand nature -including the human species, human thought and human society- through experimentation and observation in accordance with systematic and objective criteria. This understanding must be ordered in such a way as to derive predictive models and laws from the diversity observed. In this sense, the ordering of biological diversity into typological models is eminently scientific. Biological taxonomy is tah area of sience wich aims to order intelectual abstractions representing the typological diversity of flora, fauna and vegetation, thus permiting inteligible scientific comunication.

A given taxonomic model is the result of criteria applied, and these in turn are the result of the prior objective knowledge of scientists, and the convergence of their opinions. For this reason taxonomic models have evolve over time, becoming increasingly objective and precise, as well as increasingly stable. The instrumental value of these models permits further scientific advences. In line with this Ayala (1996) states in reference to plants that "the need for systematic studies has never been greater than at present", for reasons ranging from their fundamental importance for evolutionary biology to "the aesthetic emotion and ethnic identity that they satisfy".

Nomenclature is the final step in the process of classification. The name is the label attached to a concept, simplifying its communication; not the object or the idea represented, but rather its representative. In this sense names are analogous to paper money, which has no intrinsic value but simply represents a promise to pay. For this reason taxonomic names are accompanied by the name of their originator and the year of publication, so that at any time the precise meaning of the concept can be confirmed.

In the biological sciences (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology), nomenclature is governed by field-specific codes which derive from analogous principles and which resolve existing problems in similar ways. This convergence has recently materialized in the Biocode project promoted by the International Union of Biological Sciences, whose aim is to provide orientation about various issues relating to biological nomenclature. As the youngest of the biological sciences, Phytosociology has been the last to develop a code of nomenclature, the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (ICPN), the first version of which was published 25 years ago, the latest in the year 2000 (Weber et al., 2000). This third version states (Definition 12) that: "The term author citation refers in this Code to the representation of the name of the author(s) that validly published or validated the syntaxon name, followed by the year of the valid publication or validation". Article 46 justifies this approach: "In order to ensure that the indication of the name of a syntaxon is exact and complete, the name of the author (names of authors) who first validly published or validated this name together with the year of valid publication or validation must be quoted".

The number of authors in a field is of course roughly proportional to the number of entities described. In the nomenclature of plants and fungi, Brummitt & Powell (1992) have counted almost 30,000 authors over 250 years of botanical nomenclature. This number greatly exceeds the number of syntaxon authors, as expected for a nomenclatural system which is much younger and which groups species into syntaxa representing a higher level of ecological organization. Even so, problems arise in the transcription and identification of syntaxon authors. Izco (1997) has previously detailed the conflicts arising from author names with the same spelling, and has suggested several approaches to solve these problems. In a more recent publication, the same author (Izco, 2000) summarized with examples the diversity of author names for a single taxon (Izco, 2000). Now, for the first time, the current ICPN includes a recommendation (Recommendation 46B) on possible conflicts between author names and their resolution; however, this recommendation does not solve all possible conflicts. Before this problem becomes too serious, it is of interest to attempt to solve existing conflicts, to develop procedures for the standardization of names, and to promote the creation of an "author bank". The sooner the better! In this connection, the present publication aims to deal with problems relating to author citation, and to propose guidelines for the standardization of author names that already appear in the phytosociological literature.

The standardization of syntaxon author names proposed here is based in the criteria of Brummitt & Powell (op. cit.), which were in turn based in analogous previous studies from different fields (vascular plants, fungi, ferns, bryophytes, etc.) and on the conclusions of various informal working groups.

Normalization of author and syntaxon names

The normalization of names in phytosociology follows the same general rule as in other sciences: the use of the author's first surname or abbreviation thereof, with or without initials. However, this approach is not universally applicable, above all for authors (living or dead) who are already known by other forms. In such cases it may be considered justifiable to use the existing form (e.g. the author's two surnames, initials of first names, etc.). Nevertheless, there is clearly a need for normalization of these basic principles, with absolute values and flexible criteria of application.


The normalization is based in a number of absolute basic principles:

1. The Principle of Universality. Normalization affects all author names for syntaxa regulated by the current ICPN (Weber et al., 2000). This implies any syntaxon name, as defined in the ICPN (Definition 1), of any of the principal ranks (association, alliance, order, class) or auxiliary ranks (subassociation, suballiance, suborder, subclass) (Definition 2), that is both effectively published (Definition 3) and validly published (Definition 4). The authors of invalid names incorporated into valid names by the mechanisms established in the ICPN should likewise be normalized.

2. The Principle of Alphabet Uniformity. All names should be written in the Latin alphabet, and normalized accordingly. This is not an argument against the use of accents, which do not exist in Latin but which should be maintained in accordance with use in the language of origin (most importantly Finno-Ugric and Slavonic languages).

3. Principle of Univocality. Each author name should correspond univocally to one person, and vice-versa. Some authors may use a normalized form of their name in other fields, but this should not affect their name in Phytosociology, where it may have to compete with other names, and where usage may have consecrated other forms of citation. For example, Brummitt & Powell (op. cit.) propose Rivas Mart. as a normalized form for Salvador Rivas Martínez in taxonomy; however, the form Rivas-Martínez must be retained in Phytosociology, in view of its widespread use.

4. Principle of Homonymy. Homonyms are names with identical orthography (not taking into account accents or phonetic transcriptions) that must therefore be normalized to different forms so as to avoid error. Full and abbreviated forms that differ by only the full stop of the abbreviation are also considered homonyms.


1. Stability. Here, as with codes of nomenclature, the aim is to regulate in favour of stability and common use. It is neither possible nor desirable to fix absolute criteria, nor to apply such criteria retrospectively. Experience demonstrates that there will always be cases that were not considered when the criteria were initially fixed; furthermore, changing the name of an author will often simply lead to confusion.

2. Simplicity. A normalized name should be formed by the author's surname or its abbreviation, accompanied if necessary by his/her initial/s. Contractions should not be used. Some surnames are double, comprised of two terms, and in some countries two surnames (Spain, Portugal and other Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries) are traditionally used. This may give rise to confusion if one or other or both names are used inconsistently. There is no universal formula for normalization in such cases, but here we propose the use of the first surname, except in cases in which the author him/herself prefers the second surname or both surnames, and/or in which the use of the first surname would conflict with common use, and/or in which the use of the first surname is only insufficiently discriminant with respect to other names.

3. Grammatical particles, apocopes and other elements. In some languages, surnames often contain grammatical particles, apocopes, articles, prepositions and other such elements. The citation of such names varies very widely. Typically these elements precede the proper name, so it is reasonable that this is how they should appear in the citation. The use of upper and lower face varies widely, and the only sensible solution appears to be adherence to custom, despite the difficulties that this may cause.

4. Breakage of homonymy. In cases of homonymy of the first surname, initials must be used for disambiguation. A single initial should be sufficient if this breaks the homonymy, unless one of the authors in question has a composite name and habitually signs with both names or various initials, in which case the initials should be used. In recent years, it has become common for Spanish authors to use a hyphen between the two surnames, to break homonymy of the first surname. In these cases initials should be used, even if this means a slight name change with respect to previous publications.

In cases in which it is necessary to break homonymy, the simplest form should be used for the author more frequently cited, and the most complex form for the author less frequently cited.

5. Abbreviations and contractions. Abbreviations are much more commonly used for first names than for surnames. Most commonly, first names are reduced to the first letter, in upper face, followed by a full stop. The first surname should never be abbreviated, except if it is a hyphenated composite. When the second surname is necessary to break homonymy, it should be abbreviated if it is too long. Abbreviations should contain at least one syllable, and should terminate in a consonant. Contractions are likewise infrequent, although Braun-Blanquet has conventionally been written Br.-Bl., which must be maintained as common usage. The contraction of new names is not recommended, and is not included in the standardization presented in Annex I.

AcknowledgementsWe would like to thank our friends and colleages C. Aguiar, F. Alcaraz, A. Asensi, N. Boscaiu, J. Capelo, M. Collado, J.C. Costa, M.B. Crespo, M. Del Arco, B. Díez Garretas, C. Lence, D. Espirito-Santo, J.J. Lazare, J. Loidi, R. Masalles, J. Molero, R. Pott, D. Sánchez-Mata, G. Sburlino, C. Valle, F. Valle and L. Villar, for their help in the "List of authors of syntaxon names".


Standar form of the nameAuthor: Surname and given name (date of birth and death)
AcebesAcebes Ginovés, Juan Ramón (1950-)
AdrianiAdriani, M.J.
AedoAedo Pérez, Carlos (1960-)
AeschimannAeschimann, David (1956-)
AguiarAguiar, Carlos Francisco Gonçalves (1963-)
AguilellaAguilella Palasí, Antoni (1956-)
AichingerAichinger, E.
AizpuruAizpuru Oiarbide, Iñaki (1956-)
AlbrechtAlbrech, J.
AlcarazAlcaraz Ariza, Francisco (1958-)
AlgarraAlgarra Avila, José Antonio (1974-)
AllierAllier, Claude (1939-)
AllorgeAllorge, Pierre (1891-1944)
AlmeidaAlmeida, Ana Maria Santiago Ferreira de (1950-)
J. AlonsoAlonso Felpete, José Ignacio (1973-)
M.T. AlonsoAlonso, M.T.
J.R. AlonsoAlonso Fernández, J. Ramón (1952-)
R. AlonsoAlonso Redondo, Raquel (1970-)
M.A. AlonsoAlonso Vargas, María Ángeles (1970-)
AlvaradoAlvarado Guerri, Juan José (1964-)
ArbesúAlvarez Arbesú, Ramón Luis (1964-)
R. AlvarezAlvarez Díaz, Ramón (1927-1994)
J. AlvarezAlvarez Rogel, José (1965-)
H. AlvesAlves, Henrique Nepomuceno (1968-)
AlvesAlves, Paulo Mendes (1975-)
AmichAmich García, Francisco (1953-)
AmigoAmigo Vázquez, Francisco Javier (1956-)
AmilsAmils Pibermat, Ricardo (1947-)
AmorAmor Morales, Ángel (1959-)
AndradeAndrade Olalla, Antonia
AndrésAndrés Rodríguez, Jaime (1935-1997)
AntunesAntunes, Joao Henrique Satyro de Castro (1947-)
ArchiloqueArchiloque, Alain (1939-)
ArènesArènes, Jean (1898-1960)
ArnaizArnaiz Ronda, Carlos (1948-)
ArnoldArnold Apostolides, Nelly
ArsenioArsenio, Pedro Ramos dos Santos (1971-)
AsensiAsensi Marfil, Alfredo (1949-)
AubertAubert, Guy (1934-)
AuneAune, Egil Ingvar (1945-)
AvanziniAvanzini, Aldo (1949-1992)
G. AzcárateSee Giménez de Azcárate Cornide, Joaquín
BalátováBalátová-Tulácková, Emilie
BallesterBallester, P.
BallesterosBallesteros i Segarra, Enric
BannesBannes-Puygiron, G. de
BarberoBarbero, Marcel (1940-)
BarkmanBarkman, Jan Johannes (1922-1990)
BarquínBarquín Diez, Eduardo (1943-)
BarrenoBarreno Rodríguez, Eva (1950-)
BarreraBarrera Martínez, Ildefonso (1951-)
BarretoBarreto Caldas, Francisco (1943-)
BartoloméBartolomé Esteban, Carmen (1958-)
BásconesBáscones Carretero, Juan Carlos (1949-)
BaudièreBaudière, André (1932-)
BauliesBaulies Bochaca, Xavier
BeeftinkBeeftink, W.G.
BegerBeger, Herber K.E. (1899-1955)
BéguinBéguin, Claude (1939-)
BéguinotBéguinot, Auguste (1875-1940)
BellotBellot Rodríguez, Francisco (1911-1983)
BelmonteBelmonte López, María Dolores (1954-)
BelsherBelsher, Thomas (1943-)
BenabidBenabid, Abdalmalek
BenitoBenito Alonso, José Luis (1967-)
BennemaBennema, J.
BerastegiBerastegi Garziandia, Asun (1970-)
BharuchaBharucha, Faridunji Rustomji (1904-)
BibiloniBibiloni, G.
BiondiBiondi, Edoardo (1944-)
BiurrunBiurrun Galarraga, Idoia (1966-)
BöcherBöcher, Tyge Wittrock (1909-1983)
BöckelmannBöckelmann, Werner
BoiraBoira Tortajada, Herminio (1943-)
O. BolòsBolòs i Capdevila, Oriol de (1924-)
A. BolòsBolòs i Vayreda, Antoni de (1889-1975)
BoninBonin, Gilles (1938-)
BorelBorel, Louis (1935-)
BørgesenBørgesen, Frederik Christian Emil (1866-1954)
BorhidiBorhidi, Attila (1932-)
BorjaBorja Carbonell, José (1902-1993)
BöttcherBöttcher, Hans (1935-)
BoucherBoucher, Christian (1949-)
C.F. BoudouresqueBoudouresque, Charles-François (1941-)
G. Braun-BlanquetBraun-Blanquet, Gabrielle
Br.-Bl.Braun-Blanquet, Josias (1884-1980)
BressetBresset, Vivette (1938-)
BrinkmeierBrinkmeier, R.
BrulloBrullo, Salvatore (1947-)
Brun-HoolBrun-Hool, J.
BuenoBueno Sánchez, Miguel Álvaro (1962-)
BükerBüker, R.
BurgazBurgaz Moreno, Ana Rosa (1952-)
BurolletBurollet, Pierre André (1889- ?)
CabelloCabello Piñar, Francisco Javier (1965-)
CabezudoCabezudo Artero, Baltasar (1946-)
CamarasaCamarasa i Castillo, Josep Maria
CamuñasCamuñas Mohinelo, Elena (1969-)
CanalísCanalís i Hernández, Víctor
CanoCano Carmona, Eusebio (1952-)
CantóCantó Ramos, Paloma (1956-)
CapeloCapelo, Jorge Henrique Gonçalves (1965-)
CaraçaCaraça, Rute
CardonaCardona i Florit, Maria dels Àngels (1940-1992)
CarquéCarqué Álamo, Eduardo (1963-)
CarrascoCarrasco Salazar, María Andrea (1944-)
CarrerasCarreras i Raurell, Jordi
CarreteroCarretero Cervero, José Luis (1941-)
CarrilloCarrillo i Ortuño, Empar (1954-)
CasanovasCasanovas i Poch, Laia
CasaresCasares Porcel, Manuel (1956-)
CasasCasas i Arcarons, Carme
F. CasasSee Fernández Casas, Francisco Javier
CasasecaCasaseca Mena, Bartolomé (1920-1998)
RegoCastro Rego, Francisco (1955-)
CastroviejoCastroviejo Bolibar, Santiago (1946-)
CatalánCatalán Rodríguez, Pilar (1958-)
CeballosCeballos y Fernández de Córdoba, Luis (1896-1967)
CharrierCharrier, Joseph (1879-1963)
ChirilàChirilà, C.
ChouardChouard, Pierre (1903-1983)
ChristiansenChristiansen, Willi (1885-1966)
ChytrýChytrý, Milan (1967-)
CirujanoCirujano Bracamonte, Santos (1950-)
ColladoCollado Prieto, Miguel Ángel (1953-)
CompsComps, Bernard (1936-)
ConardConard, Henry Shoemaker (1874-1971)
ConesaConesa i Mor, Josep Antoni
CorillionCorillion Robert, J. (1908-)
CortésCortés, John E.
J.C. CostaCosta, José Carlos Augusta da (1955-)
CostaCosta Talens, Manuel (1938-)
Costa Ten.Costa Tenorio, Margarita (1951-)
A. CrespoCrespo de las Casas, Ana (1948-)
M.B. CrespoCrespo Villalba, Manuel Benito (1962-)
CruzCruz Rot, Marcelino de la
CuatrecasasCuatrecasas i Arumí, Josep (1903-1996)
CuencaCuenca, J. (1960-)
CurcóCurcó i Masip, Antoni
DahlDahl, Eilif (1916-1993)
DaldaDalda González, Jenaro (1918-1999)
DambskaDambska, I.
DanaDana Sánchez, Elías
DarimontDarimont, Fredy
DarquistadeDarquistade Fadrique, Ainhoa (1971-)
De FoucaultDe Foucault, Bruno (1951-)
De la TorreDe la Torre García, Antonio (1962-)
De PazDe Paz Canuria, Elena (1956-)
DeilDeil, Ulrich (1948-)
Del ArcoDel Arco Aguilar, Marcelino José (1953-)
Del RíoDel Río González, Sara (1973-)
Del RiscoDel Risco, Enrique (1939-)
DelelisDelelis-Dusollier, Annick (1942-)
DelgadoDelgado Iniesta, María José (1968-)
Den HartogDen Hartog, Cornelius (1931-)
DíasDías, Eduardo (1958-)
T.E. DíazDíaz González, Tomás Emilio (1949-)
DiemontDiemont, W.H.
DierschkeDierschke, Hartmut (1937-)
DierßenDierßen, Klaus (1948-)
Díez GarretasDíez Garretas, Blanca (1950-)
DijkDijk, J.W.
DoingDoing, Henk
DupontDupont, Pierre (1925-)
DurandDurand, G.
DuvigneaudDuvigneaud, Jacques (1920-)
EgglerEggler, J.
El AntriEl Antri, Mohammed
ElenaElena Roselló, Juana Ana (1949-)
EliásEliás, Pavol (1949-)
EllenbergEllenberg, Heinz (1913-1997)
EllmauerEllmauer, Thomas
EmbergerEmberger, Louis (1897-1969)
ErnstErnst,Wallace (1928-1971)
EscuderoEscudero Alcántara, Adrián (1965-)
EspinosaEspinosa Fernández, Presentación (1943-)
Espírito-SantoEspírito-Santo, María Dalila Paula do (1951-)
EstesoEsteso Esteso, Francisco
EsteveEsteve Chueca, Fernando (1919-1988)
EstevesEsteves, A.
FanloFanlo, M. Rosario (1947-)
FarràsFarràs i de Blas, Antoni (1949-1990)
FeldmannFeldmann, Jean (1905-1978)
J.V. FernándezFernández, J.V.
P. FernándezFernández Areces, María Pilar
M.I. FernándezFernández Arias, María Isabel
M.A. FernándezFernández Casado, María de los Ángeles (1952-)
F. CasasFernández Casas, Francisco Javier (1945-)
S. FernándezFernández Fábregas, Salvador
GalianoFernández Galiano Fernández, Emilio (1923-)
GallardoGallardo San Salvador, José Angel (1962-)
M. FernándezFernández Galván, Manuel (1947-)
D. FernándezFernández González, Delia (1958-)
Fernández-GonzálezFernández González, Federico (1956-)
M.C. FernándezFernández Ordóñez, María del Carmen (1949-)
J. FernándezFernández Palacio, José Vicente (1958-)
F. PrietoFernández Prieto, José Antonio (1950-)
A. FernándezFernández Rodríguez, Ana (1974-)
Fernández-Carv.Fernández-Carvajal Álvarez, María del Carmen (1951-)
FerreFerre, E. (1944-)
FiguerolaFiguerola Lamata, Ramón (1953-)
FijalkowskiFijalkowski, Dominik (1922-)
FocquetFocquet, P.
FolchFolch i Guillén, Ramon (1946-)
X. FontFont i Castell, Xavier (1958-)
Font QuerFont i Quer, Pius (1888-1964)
FontesFontes, Fernando Carvalho (1915-)
FontinhaFontinha, Susana (1965-)
FranquesaFranquesa i Codinach, Teresa
FreitagFreitag, Helmut E. (1932-)
FreyFrey, E.
Fuentede la Fuente García, Vicenta (1950-)
FuertesFuertes Lasala, Esther (1941-)
FujiwaraFujiwara, Kazue (1944-)
F. FukarekFukarek, F.
P. FukarekFukarek, Paule (1912-1983)
FunkFunk, Georg
FurnariFurnari, Francesco (1933-)
GajewskiGajewski, Waclaw (1911-)
GalánGalán de Mera, Antonio (1961-)
GalianoSee Fernández Galiano Fernández, Emilio
GallegoGallego Martín, Francisca (1947-)
GamisansGamisans, Jácques (1944-)
GamsGams, Helmut (1893-1976)
M. GarcíaGarcía Antón, M.
R. GarcíaGarcía Cachán, Rosa (1960-)
J. GarcíaGarcía Casanova, José (1954-)
A. GarcíaGarcía Fuentes, Antonio (1968-)
García GalloGarcía Gallo, Antonio (1956-)
M.E. GarcíaGarcía González, Marta Eva (1959-)
García MijangosGarcía Mijangos, Itziar (1959-)
D. GarcíaGarcía San León, David (1971-)
P. GarcíaGarcía Murillo, Pablo (1962-)
A.R. GarcíaGarcía Rodríguez, Antonio (1961-)
G. SanchoGarcía Sancho, Leopoldo (1956-)
García-Baq.García-Baquero Moneo, Gonzalo (1971-)
GarreGarre Belmonte, Manuel (1960-)
GavilánGavilán García, Rosario Gloria (1963-)
GéhuGéhu, Jean Marie (1930-)
Géhu-FranckGéhu-Franck, Jeanette (1923-)
J. GilGil, J.
L. GilGil Vives, Lorenzo (1966-)
M.C. GilGil Rodríguez, María Candelaria (1951-)
Y. GilGil, Yolanda (1968-)
GillnerGillner, V.
G. AzcárateGiménez de Azcárate Cornide, Joaquín (1962-)
M.A. GiménezGiménez Giménez, María Ángeles
E. GiménezGiménez Luque, Esther (1971-)
GöddeGödde, M.
GomesGomes, Carlos José Pinto (1957-)
Gómez MercadoGómez Mercado, Francisco (1963-)
F.J. GonzálezGonzález, F.J.
J.L. GonzálezGonzález, José Luis
M.A. GonzálezGonzález Zapatero, María Ángeles (1948-)
González-AlboGonzález-Albo Campillo, José (1913-1938)
GörsGörs, Sabine
GrabherrGrabherr, Georg (1946-)
GrabnerGrabner, Georg
GràciaGràcia i Passola, Esperança (1942-)
GruberGruber, Michel (1943-)
GuàrdiaGuàrdia i Rúbies, Roser (1961-)
GuerlesquinGuerlesquin, Micheline Y. (1928-)
GuerraGuerra Montes, Juan (1952-)
GuijarroGuijarro, J.A.
GuineaGuinea López, Emilio (1907-1985)
GuinochetGuinochet, Marcel (1909-1997)
J. GuitiánGuitián Rivera, Javier (1956-)
P. GuitiánGuitián Rivera, Pablo (1960-)
A. GutiérrezGutiérrez Balbás, Antonio (1962-)
I. GutiérrezGutiérrez Villarías, María Isabel (1951-)
GutteGutte, Peter (1939-)
HadacHadac, Emil Franziskov Lazne (1914-)
HarmsenHarmsen, G.W.
HaugHaug, H.
HeinemannHeinemann, P.
HejnýHejný, Slamovil (1924-)
den Heldden Held, Adriana Johanna (Hanneke) (1944-)
HendouxHendoux, Frédéric
HernándezHernández Cardona, Ángel M. (1948-)
HerreraHerrera Gallastegui, Mercedes (1959-)
L. HerreroHerrero Cembranos, Luis (1956-)
A. HerreroHerrero, Alberto
HeywoodHeywood, Vernon H. (1927-)
HildHild, H.J.
HinterlangHinterlang, Dirk
HocquetteHocquette, Maurice (1902-1984)
HofmeisterHofmeister, Heinrich
HolubHolub, Josef Ludwig (1930-1999)
HometHomet García-Cernuda, Juan María (1954-)
HommelHommel, P.W.F.M.
HonradoHonrado, João José Pradinho (1974-)
HorvatHorvat, Ivo (1897-1963)
HorvaticHorvatic, Stjepan (Stephan) (1899-1975)
HueckHueck, Kurt (1897-1965)
HülbuschHülbusch, K.-H.
HüppeHüppe, Joachim (1953-)
IglesiasIglesias Louzán, Ramiro (1953-)
InocencioInocencio Pretel, Cristina (1968-)
IsslerIssler, E.
IversenIversen, J.
IzcoIzco Sevillano, Jesús (1940-)
JakucsJakucks, P.
JalutJalut, Guy
JansenJansen, P.
J. JansenJansen, Jan
JardimJardim, Roberto (1969-)
JeníkJeník, Jan (1929-)
JennyJenny-Lips, H.
JouanneJouanne, P. (1900-1926)
JovetJovet, Paul (1896-1991)
JuanJuan Gallardo, Ana Isabel (1971-)
JulveJulve, Philippe (1954-)
JurkoJurko, A.
KaiserKaiser, E.
KarnerKarner, P.
KarpovKarpov, D.N.
M. KästnerKästner, M.
A. KästnerKästner, A. (1936-)
KelhoferKelhofer, Ernst (1877-1917)
KlauckKlauck, E.-J.
KleinKlein, Jean Claude (1937-)
KlikaKlika, Jaromír (1888-1957)
KlötzliKlötzli, Frank
KnappKnapp, Rüdiger (1917-)
KochKoch, Walo (1896-1956)
A. KöhlerKöhler, A.
U. KöhlerKöhler, Udo (1911-1983)
KopeckýKopecký, K.
KrajinaKrajina, Vladimir Joseph (1905-)
KrauschKrausch, Heinz-Dieter (1928-)
KrauseKrause, Werner
KrusemanKruseman, G. Jr.
KuhnKuhn, K.
KühnholtzKühnholtz-Lordat, M.
KüpferKüpfer, Philippe (1942-)
LaderoLadero Álvarez, Miguel (1939-)
LambinonLambinon, Jacques (1936-)
LangLang, G.
B. LanjouwLanjouw, B.
LanjouwLanjouw, Joseph (1902-1984)
LaorgaLaorga Sánchez, Susana (1957-)
LaprazLapraz, Guy (1918-)
LastraLastra Menéndez, Juan José (1954-)
LavagneLavagne, André (1932-)
LazareLazare, Jean-Jacques (1949-)
LázaroLázaro Suau, Roberto (1952-)
LebrunLebrun, Jean-Pierre (1932-)
LeiteLeite, Alexandra Maria
LeméeLemée, Georges (1908-1996)
LemsLems, Kornelius (1931-1968)
LenceLence Paz, María del Carmen (1969-)
LeónLeón Arencibia, María Catalina (1951-)
LepsLeps, Jan
LetouzeyLetouzey-Dulau, Josette (1940-)
LibbertLibbert, W.
LimbourgLimbourg, P.
LiouLiou, Tchen-Ngo
LippertLipper, Wolfgang (1937-)
LitardièreLitardière, René Verriet de (1888-1957)
LlamasLlamas García, Félix (1952-)
LlorensLlorens García, Leonardo (1946-)
LoboLobo Urrutia, Luis (1967-)
LohmeyerLohmeyer, W.
LoidiLoidi Arregui, Javier (1953-)
LoiselLoisel, Roger (1938-)
LopesLopes, Maria do Carmo (1954-)
M.L. LópezLópez Fernández, María Luisa (1940-)
G. LópezLópez González, Ginés (1950-)
M. LópezLópez Guadalupe, Manuel (1933-)
J. LópezLópez Nieto, Juan Manuel (1965-)
M.J. LópezLópez Pacheco, María José (1950-)
J.A. LópezLópez Sáez, José Antonio (1966-)
G.V. LópezLópez Vélez, Gemma
LorienteLoriente Escallada, Enrique (1931-2000)
LoriteLorite Moreno, Juan (1971-)
M. LosaLosa España, Mariano (1893-1965)
J.M. LosaLosa Quintana, José María (1930-)
LousãLousã, Mario Fernandes (1940-)
LuceñoLuceño Garcés, Modesto (1955-)
LucíaLucía Sauquillo, Vicente (1951-)
LüdiLüdi, W.
LüpnitzLüpnitz, Dieter
LuquetLuquet, Aimé
MaasMaas, F.M.
MaireMaire, René (1878-1949)
Malato-BelizMalato-Beliz, João Vicente Cordeiro (1920-1993)
MalcuitMalcuit, G. (1882-1960)
MalmerMalmer, N.
MansanetMansanet Mansanet, José (1915-1990)
MarcenòMarcenò, Cosimo (1939-)
A. MarcosMarcos, A.
B. MarcosMarcos Laso, Bernarda (1952-)
N. MarcosMarcos Samaniego, Nieves
MarcotMarcot-Coqueugniot, Jacqueline (1930-)
MargalefMargalef López, Ramón (1919-)
MarínMarín Calderón, Guadalupe (1945-)
MarkusMarkus, Ch.
MarschallMarschall, Fra
MartínMartín Osorio, Victoria Eugenia (1957-)
M. MartínezMartínez, M.
G. MartínezMartínez García, Gonzalo (1936-)
Martínez-ParrasMartínez Parras, José María (1953-)
MarreroMarrero Gómez, María del Carmen
MasallesMasalles i Saumell, Ramon Maria (1948-)
MasclansMasclans i Girvès, Francesc (1905-2000)
MateoMateo Sanz, Gonzalo (1953-)
A. MatuszkiewiczMatuszkiewicz, A.
W. MatuszkiewiczMatuszkiewicz, Wladyslaw (1921-)
MauricMauric, Alain (1961-)
MayorMayor López, Matías (1938-)
MayoralMayoral Arqué, Antoni
MedinaMedina Domingo, Leopoldo (1967-)
MeierMeier, H.
MelendoMelendo Luque, Manuel (1961-)
MendiolaMendiola Ubillos, María Ángeles (1953-)
MerkerMerker, H.
MesquitaMesquita, Sandra Cristina Paul Fernandes (1971-)
MilbradtMilbradt, Joachim (1948-)
MinissaleMinissale, Pietro (1960-)
MirkinMirkin, Boris M.
MiyawakiMiyawaki, Akira (1928-)
Molero Brion.Molero Briones, Julián (1946-)
MoleroMolero Mesa, Joaquín (1952-)
R. MolinaMolina, Rafael
J.A. MolinaMolina Abril, José Antonio (1960-)
A. MolinaMolina Maruenda, Andrés (1956-1991)
MolinierMolinier, René (1899-1975)
MonasterioMonasterio Fernández, Agustín (1910-1975)
A. MonteiroMonteiro, Ana (1956-)
H. MonteiroMonteiro Neto, Honorio da Costa (1900-1978)
G. MontserratMontserrat Martí, Gabriel Maria (1956-)
J.M. MontserratMontserrat Martí, Josep Maria (1955-)
P. MontserratMontserrat Recoder, Pedro (1918-)
MoorMoor, Max
MooreMoore, J.J.
R. MoralesMorales Alonso, R.
C. MoralesMorales Torres, María Concepción (1944-)
MoravecMoravec, Jaroslav (1929-)
G. MorenoMoreno Horcajada, Gabriel (1951-)
J.M. MorenoMoreno Rodríguez, José Manuel (1952-)
MorlaMorla Juaristi, Carlos (1950-)
MossaMossa, Luigi (1938-)
MotaMota Poveda, Juan Francisco (1961-)
MougaMouga, Teresa
MucinaMucina, Ladislav (1956-)
MüllerMüller, Theodor (1894-1969)
MuñozMuñoz Medina, José María (1895-1979)
NavaNava Fernández, Herminio Severiano (1956-)
F. NavarroNavarro Andrés, Florentino (1947-)
C. NavarroNavarro Aranda, Carmen (1949-)
F.B. NavarroNavarro Reyes, Francisco Bruno (1973-)
G. NavarroNavarro Sánchez, Gonzalo (1955-)
D. NavasNavas Fernández, David (1966-)
P. NavasNavas Fernández, Patricia (1965-)
NègreNègre, Robert (1924-)
NegrilloNegrillo Galindo, Ana María (1950-)
NetoNeto, Carlos da Silva (1960-)
NeuhäuslNeuhäusl, Robert
NezadalNezadal, Werner (1945-)
NietoNieto Caldera, José María (1955-)
J. NietoNieto Carriondo, Juana
NimisNimis, Pier Luigi (1953-)
NinotNinot i Sugrañes, Josep Maria (1955-)
NoirfaliseNoirfalise, Albert
NordhagenNordhagen, Rolf (1894-1979)
F.A. NovákNovák, F.A. (1892-1964)
V. NovákNovák, V.
NowinskiNowinski, M.
OberdorferOberdorfer, Erich (1905-)
OhbaOhba, Tatsuyuki (1936-)
OlanoOlano Mendoza, José Miguel (1966-)
OnaindiaOnaindia Olalde, Miren (1954-)
OrshanOrshan, G.
OrtizOrtiz Núñez, Santiago (1957-)
OrtuñoOrtuño, Francisco
OsvaldOsvald, H.
PadrónPadrón Padrón,Pedro Agustín (1962-)
PaesPaes, Ana Paula (1961-)
PajarónPajarón Sotomayor, Santiago (1954-)
PapióPapió i Perdigó, Christian
ParriaudParriaud, Henri (1924-)
PascualPascual, P.
PassargePassarge, Harro
PasschierPasschier, H.
PavillardPavillard, Jules (1868-1961)
PawlowskiPawlowski, Bogumil (1898-1971)
PeciarPeciar, V.
PedroPedro, Jose Gomes (1915-)
PeinadoPeinado Lorca, Manuel (1953-)
PenasPenas Merino, Ángel (1948-)
PeñasPeñas de Giles, Julio (1966-)
PeraltaPeralta de Andrés, Francisco Javier (1962-)
PerdigóPerdigó Arisó, Maria Teresa (1925-)
Pérez-BadiaPérez Badia, María Rosa (1961-)
F.J. PérezPérez Carro, Francisco Javier
J.L. PérezPérez Chiscano, José Luis (1930-)
Pérez de PazPérez de Paz, Pedro Luis (1949-)
A.V. PérezPérez Latorre, Andrés Vicente (1965-)
C. PérezPérez Morales, Carmen (1952-)
Pérez-RayaPérez Raya, Francisco (1956-)
PerisPeris Gisbert, Juan Bautista (1948-)
PertíñezPertíñez Izquierdo, Concepción (1965-)
PhilippiPhilippi, Georg (1936-)
PietschPietsch, Werner
PignattiPignatti, Alessandro (1930-)
E. PignattiPignatti, Erika (1929-) [Wikus Erica]
PinoPino i Vilalta, Joan (1967-)
P. SilvaSee Silva, Antonio Rodrigo Pinto da
C. PintoPinto Gomes, Carlos Jose (1957-)
PizarroPizarro Domínguez, José (1956-)
PoliPoli Marchese, Emilia (1936-)
PopPop, I.
PortaPorta Casanellas, Jaime (1945-)
PottPott, Richard (1951-)
PradaPrada Moral, María del Carmen (1953-)
PreisingPreising, Ernst (1911-)
F. PrietoSee Fernández Prieto, José Antonio
P. PrietoPrieto, Pablo (1933-)
PuentePuente García, Emilio (1957-)
PujadasPujadas i Salvá, Antoni J. (1950-)
PulgarPulgar Sañudo, Iñigo (1962-)
QuézelQuézel, Pierre (1926-)
RameauRameau, Jean-Claude (1943-)
RamilRamil Rego, Pablo (1962-)
RauschertRauschert, Stephan (1931-1986)
RebholzRebholz, E.
RecasensRecasens i Guinjuan, Jordi (1957-)
RegoSee Francisco Castro, Rego
RehneltRehnelt, K.
ReyesReyes Betancort, Jorge Alfredo (1970-)
RichardRichard, Jean-Louis (1921-)
RigualRigual Magallón, Abelardo (1918-)
RigueiroRigueiro Rodríguez, Antonio (1951-)
RíosRíos Ruiz, Segundo (1961-)
RiouxRioux, Jean-Antoine (1923?-)
RitaRita Larrucea, Juan (1957-)
Rivas GodayRivas Goday, Salvador (1905-1981)
C. RivasRivas Martínez, Constantino (1937-)
Rivas-MartínezRivas Martínez, Salvador (1935-)
RobledoRobledo Miras, Antonio (1961-)
O. RodríguezRodríguez Delgado, Octavio (1957-)
M. RodríguezRodríguez Guitián, Manuel (1964-)
J. RodríguezRodríguez Oubiña, Juan José (1954-)
J.C. RodríguezRodríguez Piñero, José Cristobal (1953-)
A. RodríguezRodríguez Rodríguez, Antonio (1952-)
P. RodríguezRodríguez Rojo, María del Pilar (1972-)
L. RodríguezRodríguez Tamayo, L.
RodwellRodwell, John S.
RomeroRomero Buján, María Inmaculada (1956-)
RomoRomo Díez, Angel María (1955-)
J. RosellóRoselló Picornell, Josep Antoni (1961-)
R. RosellóRoselló Gimeno, Roberto (1952-)
RothmalerRothmaler, Werner (1908-1962)
RoussineRoussine, Nathalie-A. (1889-1968) [born Desiatova-Sostenko]
G. RouxRoux, George (1942-)
J. RouxRoux, Jacques
RoyerRoyer, Jean-Marie (1944-)
RozeiraRozeira, Arnaldo Deodata da Fonseca (1912-1984)
RübelRübel, Eduard August (1876-1960)
RubioRubio Sánchez, Agustín (1965-)
RuizRuiz Téllez, Trinidad
SáenzSáenz Laín, Concepción (1935-) [Sáenz de Rivas]
SáinzSáinz Ollero,Helios (1950-)
SalasSalas Pascual, Marcos (1965-)
SalazarSalazar Mendías, Carlos (1969-)
F. SaleguiFernández Salegui, Ana Belén (1971-)
SalvoSalvo Tierra, Ángel Enrique (1957-)
M.E. SánchezSánchez, María Eugenia
M.A. SánchezSánchez Anta, María Ángeles (1946-)
J.M. SánchezSánchez Fernández, José María (1965-)
I. SánchezSánchez García, Íñigo
P. SánchezSánchez Gómez, Pedro (1961-)
Sánchez-MataSánchez Mata, Daniel [Pablo de la Cruz] (1959-)
N. SánchezSánchez Pascual, N.
J.A. SánchezSánchez Rodríguez, Juan Antonio (1951-)
SansSans i Serra, Francesc Xavier (1959-)
M.T. SantosSantos Bobillo, María Teresa (1941-)
F. SantosSantos Francés, Fernando (1949-)
A. SantosSantos Guerra, Arnoldo (1948-)
SánzSánz Fábrega
SardineroSardinero Roscales, Santiago (1962-)
SauerSauer, F.
ScamoniScamoni, A.
ScelsiScelsi, Fabrizio (1961-)
SchaminéeSchaminée, Joop H.J. (1957-)
ScharfetterScharfetter, Rudolf (1860-1956)
SchipperSchipper, P.C.
SchönfelderSchönfelder, Peter
SchubertSchubert, R.
SchwabeSchwabe, Angelika (1950-) [Schwabe-Kratochwil]
SchwickerathSchwickerath, Mathias Friederich (1892-1974)
SchwippelSchwippel, I.
SebastiàSebastià i Àlvarez, Maria Teresa
SegalSegal, Ronald Henry (1940-)
SeibertSeibert, Paul
SellSell, Y.
SequeiraSequeira, Miguel Pinto da Silva Meneses de (1964-)
ServeServe, Léon (1941-)
SeséSesé Franco, Jose Antonio (1965-)
P. SilvaSilva, Antonio Rodrigo Pinto da (1912-1992)
J. SilvaSilva Pando, Francisco Javier (1955-)
SilvánSilván Beraza, Francisco (1965-)
SissinghSissingh, Gerard
SjögrenSjögren, Erik
SlavnicSlavnic, Z.
O. SocorroSocorro Abreu, Oswaldo (1949-)
S. SocorroSocorro Hernández, Juan Sergio (1955-)
SokolowskiSokolowski, M.
SolanasSolanas Ferrándiz, José Luis (1955-)
SoóSoó von Bere, Károly Rezsö (1903-1980)
P. SorianoSoriano Guarinos, Pilar (1959-)
I. SorianoSoriano i Tomàs, Ignasi (1957-)
SougnezSougnez, Nicolas
SpampinatoSpampinato, Giovanni (1958-)
SpichigerSpichiger, Rodolphe (1946-)
StoffersStoffers, Anton Lambertus (1926-)
StortelderStortelder, Anton F.H.
StübingStübing Martínez, Gerardo (1957-)
SuárezSuárez Rodríguez, Carlos (1957-)
SukoppSukopp, Herbert (1930-)
SundingSunding, Per (1938-)
SusplugasSusplugas, Jean (1905-1987)
SuzukiSuzuki Tokio, T. (1911-)
TaffetaniTaffetani, Fabio (1952-)
TallonTallon, Gabriel (1890-1972)
TamajónTamajón, R.
TarazonaTarazona Lafarga, María Teresa (1951-)
TchouTchou, Yen-Tcheng
TébarTébar Garau, Francisco Javier (1964-)
TelesTeles, Antonio do Nascimento (1925-)
TerradasTerradas i Serra, Jaume (1943-)
TerrónTerrón Alfonso, Arsenio (1959-)
TheurillatTheurillat, Jean-Paul (1952-)
ThimmThimm, I.
TimbalTimbal, Jean (1943-)
TopaTopa, E. (1900-)
J. TorresTorres Cordero, Juan Antonio (1966-)
L. TorresTorres Epuny, Lluís de
TouffetTouffet, Jean
TrautmannTrautmann, W.
TregubovTregubov, V.
TrigoTrigo, María del Mar (1958-)
TurmelTurmel, Jean Marie (1920-)
J. TüxenTüxen, Jes (1930-)
TüxenTüxen, Reinhold (1899-1980)
UbrizsyUbrizsy, G.
UlmanUlman, J.
E. ValdésValdés Bermejo, Enrique (1945-1999)
A. ValdésValdés Franzi, Arturo (1948-)
C. ValleValle Gutiérrez, Cipriano Jesús (1955-)
F. ValleValle Tendero, Francisco (1953-)
Van LangendonckVan Langendonck, H.J.
Van LeeuwenVan Leeuwen, C.G.
Vanden BerghenVanden Bergen, Constant (1914-)
VargasVargas Gómez, Pablo (1965-)
VaroVaro Alcalá, Juan (1943-)
T. VasconcelosVasconcelos, Teresa (1949-)
VázquezVázquez Fernández, Victor Manuel (1954-)
E. VelascoVelasco i Batlle, Eulàlia
A. VelascoVelasco Negueruela, Arturo (1946-)
VelayosVelayos Rodríguez, Mauricio (1955-)
VicedoVicedo Maestre, María Auxiliadora (1971-)
VicenteVicente Orellana, José Alfredo
VicherekVicherek, J.
ViciosoVicioso Martínez, Carlos (1886-1968)
VigoVigo i Bonada, Josep (1937-)
E. PignattiE. Vikus, Erika. See E. Pignatti
VillarVillar Pérez, Luis (1946-)
VillegasVillegas, N.
VivesVives i Codina, Josep (1931-1993)
C. VliegerVlieger, J.
V. VliegerVlieger, V.
VoggenreiterVoggenreiter, Volker
VolkVolk, O.H.
VollmarVollmar, F.
VollrathVollrath, H.
Von RochowVon Rochow, Margarita
WagnerWagner, H.
WalasWalas, J.
WallischWallisch, K.
S. WallnöferWallnöfer, S.
WangerinWangerin, Walther (1884-1938)
WattezWattez, Jean-Roger (1937-)
WeberWeber, Heinrich E. (1932-)
Weber-Old.Weber-Oldecop, D.W.
WeedaWeeda, E.J.
WesthoffWesthoff, Viktor (1914-2001)
WildpretWildpret de la Torre, Wolfredo (1933-)
WraberWraber, M.
ZafraZafra Valverde, María Luisa (1942-)
ZaldívarZaldívar, Pilar (1959-)
ZellerZeller, W.
ZittiZitti, R.
ZobristZobrist, L.
ZoharyZohary, M.
ZollerZoller, Heinrich (1923-)
B. ZollitschZollitsch, B.
ZólyomiZólyomi, B.