THE HANDBOOK OF LANGUAGE VARIATION AND CHANGE

clac 21/ 2005

 

edited by

J. K. Chambers,

Peter Trudgill, and

Natalie Schilling-Estes

 

The handbook of language variation and change

edited by J. K. Chambers, Peter Trudgill, and Natalie Schilling-Estes

© 2002, 2004 Blackwell. First published in paperback 2004.

Blackwell, Malden, MA, Oxford, and Garitón, Australia http://www.blackwellpublishing.com

xii + 807 pages

ISBN 0-631-21803-3 ISBN 1-4051-1692-7

 

 

“The study of language variation and change, the core of the sociolinguistic enterprise, has a relatively short history, but it is a burgeoning history, as might be expected of an idea whose time had truly come or, indeed, was overdue. This Handbook reflects the vitality and growth, representing the discipline in its multifaceted pursuits. The chapters that follow are not retrospective […]. Instead, we  have invited the authors of the chapters to discuss the ideas - hypotheses, axioms, lemmata, premises, probabilities - that drive their branch of the discipline, and to illustrate them with empirical studies, their own or others, that not only demónstrate their applications but also their shortcomings and strengths. The historical sequence will be implicit, we trust, if and when it has a bearing on the ideas. [… The] exponential growth in the discipline gives the Handbook a kind of utility that was previously not needed.” (From the editors’ introduction)

 

 

Introduction   1

Studying Language Variation: An Informal Epistemology          3

J.K. CHAMBERS

 

Part I    Methodologies            15

 

Field Methods

Introduction     17

NATALIE SCHILLING-ESTES

1 Entering the Community: Fieldwork   20

CRAWFORD FEAGIN

2 Language with an Attitude     40

DENNIS R. PRESTON

3 Investigating Variation and Change in Written Documents     67

EDGAR W. SCHNEIDER

4 Inferring Variation and Change from Public Corpora 97

LAURIE BAUER

 

Evaluation

Introduction     115

J.K. CHAMBERS

5 The Quantitative Paradigm    117

ROBERT BAYLEY

6 Implicational Scales   142

JOHN R. RlCKFORD

7 Instrumental Phonetics ERIK R. THOMAS  168

 

Part II    Linguistic Structure     201

 

Introduction     203

NATALIE SCHILLING-ESTES

8 Variation and Phonological Theory    206

ARTO ANTTILA

9 Investigating Chain Shifts and Mergers          244

MATTHEW J. CORDÓN

10 Variation and Syntactic Theory       267

ALISON HENRY

11 Discourse Variation 283

RONALD MACAULAY

 

Part III    Social Factors          307

 

Time    309

Introduction     309

NATALIE SCHILLING-ESTES

12 Real and Apparent Time     312

GUY BAILEY

13 Child Language Variation    333

JULIE ROBERTS

14 Patterns of Variation including Change        349

J. K. CHAMBERS

 

Social Differentiation    373

Introduction     373

PETER TRUDGILL

15 Investigating Stylistic Variation        375

NATALIE SCHILLING-ESTES

16 Social Class            402

SHARON ASH

17 Sex and Gender in Variationist Research     423

JENNY CHESHIRE

18 Ethnicity      444

CARMEN FOUGHT

 

DomainS

Introduction     473

PETER TRUDGILL

19 Language and Identity         475

NORMA MENDOZA-DENTON

20 The Family        500

KIRK HAZEN

21 Communities of Practice     526

MIRIAM MEYERHOFF

22 Social Networks     549

LESLEY MILROY

23 The Speech Community      573

PETER L. PATRICK

 

Part IV    Contact

Introduction     601

PETER TRUDGILL

24 Space and Spatial Diffusion 603

DAVID BRITAIN

25 Linguistic Outcomes of Language Contact   638

GILLIAN SANKOFF

26 Koineization and Accommodation   669

PAUL KERSWILL

 

Part V    Language and Societies

Introduction     705

J. K. CHAMBERS

27 Linguistic and Social Typology        707

PETER TRUDGILL

28 Comparative Sociolinguistics           729

SALI TAGLIAMONTE

29 Language Death and Dying 764

WALT WOLFRAM

Index   788

 

 

© Círculo de Linguística Aplicada a la Comunicación 21, February 2005. ISSN 1576-4737.

http://www.ucm.es/info/circulo/no21/change.htm

 

clac 21/ 2005

 

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